Accreditation can be used to support the Government's policy in different ways. For example, markets are "self-regulated" through business, have voluntarily agreed to comply with the established standards. It can be used wherever there is a need to provide support to the market on business while minimizing the risks, but only where there is no regulatory intervention is required from the Government.
For example, industry or industry experts could develop and adopt their own codes of practice, promoting ethical behavior. Government can encourage the use of standards for the implementation of the policy, or may wish to sponsor the development of standards for a particular purpose.
The government can also work with industry to develop standards, rules and means of determining compliance with the participation of other stakeholders to implement the standards. Accredited conformity assessment warrants compliance with such standards.
Alternatively, companies that demonstrate compliance with standards through accreditation, may deserve a "confession" from regulators who rely on them to fulfill their legal obligations. This allows regulators to reduce oversight and control, saving taxpayers' finances.
This "deserved recognition" can achieve the same or better results as regulation, but on a voluntary basis. Thus, the regulatory cost is reduced for both the Government and business.
The accreditation system can also support the public interest when the government establishes the legal requirements and allowing the market to determine how these general principles to be applied in terms of technical solutions.
In some cases, the use of standards can refer to the regulation. In the other, the market itself may decide to develop their own standards for the technical part of the manual, and thereby promote compliance with legal requirements.
For example, the Home Office has developed a code of practice and behavior, which are required by criminologists to present evidence, which were held "competent" organizations. This code of practice and behavior is based in accordance with internationally-recognized standard by ISO / IEC 17025. State testing laboratories and private laboratories are implementing the Code of Practice. Accreditation provides assurance laboratories so by the regulatory authority and the criminal justice system.
Hong Kong Housing Authority stipulates the use of certified products, as an average per year built about 20 000 apartments in Hong Kong. And the main problem of the Housing Authority and the industry is the quality of construction materials and components as well as the alteration due to non-quality building products involves investment of time and finances. Therefore Housing Authority requires the use of certified products in ten major building materials in construction projects. Accredited certification of products provides a reliable means to ensure product quality throughout the production process from incoming raw materials, production, inspection, sampling and testing.
Dauren Zhanatovich Sharipov
Deputy Director General of NCA